The Rumduol Flower (Khmer: រំដួល), scientifically known as Sphaerocoryne affinis or Metralla mesnyi, stands as the National Flower of Cambodia. But what was the reason behind choosing this specific flower to represent a nation? In 2005, Rumduol was officially made the national flower of Cambodia by a royal decree from King Norodom Sihamoni. This decision was not made lightly; it was steeped in symbolism, cultural significance, and a deep connection with the country’s heritage.
The selection of the Rumduol Flower as the National Flower of Cambodia is intertwined with the nation’s history and traditions. Its depiction on the walls of Angkor Wat Temple, one of the most significant archaeological sites in Southeast Asia, testifies to its historical significance. The Rumduol Flower is not just a flower; it is a symbol of Cambodian artistry and craftsmanship, representing the nation’s creative spirit and resilience.
The Devatas and Apsaras are depicted wearing dresses adorned with symmetrical Rumduol flower patterns, which are prominently featured on the ancient carving walls of Angkor & Bayon temples. It’s interesting to note that even the renowned Louis Vuitton (LV Brand) logo and pattern seem to draw inspiration from this art. The enduring influence of the ancient Khmer ancestors is undeniable, as evidenced by sculptures that have stood the test of time, exuding a timeless sense of civilization. The legacy of the Khmer ancestors is truly remarkable!
Understanding the nature of the Rumduol Flower plant also reveals why it was chosen to represent Cambodia. The Rumduol plant is resilient and sturdy, capable of withstanding Cambodia’s diverse weather conditions. It blooms throughout the year, a symbol of endurance and continuity that resonates with the Cambodian people’s spirit. The flower’s fragrance is most potent during nightfall, symbolizing the idea that true beauty does not clamor for attention but reveals itself when least expected.
Furthermore, beyond its symbolic significance, the Rumduol Flower also offers practical benefits for the people of Cambodia. The flower has been traditionally used in various forms of local medicine due to its health benefits. It is believed to have healing properties that can treat fevers and other ailments. The wood from the Rumduol tree is durable and used in construction and furniture-making processes.
In essence, the selection of the Rumduol Flower as the National Flower of Cambodia reflects a profound understanding of its unique characteristics and value. It is a symbol of the nation’s rich history, resilience, and artistic heritage. Its presence serves as a constant reminder of the strength and endurance of the Cambodian people. The Rumduol Flower represents not just nature’s beauty, but also the beauty inherent in the spirit of Cambodia.